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Females from the New Hampshire National Guard and Salvadoran military exchange security expertise

Staff Sgt. Autumn Clark gives step-by-step instructions to a member of the Salvadoran Air Force on the techniques to subdue and restrain a suspect, played here by a fellow classmate from the Salvadoran army. This instruction was part of a week long exchange of expertise in security and law enforcement between female members of the New Hampshire National Guard's security forces squadron and female members of the Salvadoran police and military from February 4th through 8th, 2013, at the Center for Military Education and Doctrine, San Salvador, El Salvador. (National Guard photo by 1st Lt. Alec Vargus/released)

Staff Sgt. Autumn Clark gives step-by-step instructions to a member of the Salvadoran Air Force on the techniques to subdue and restrain a suspect, played here by a fellow classmate from the Salvadoran army. This instruction was part of a week long exchange of expertise in security and law enforcement between female members of the New Hampshire National Guard's security forces squadron and female members of the Salvadoran police and military from February 4th through 8th, 2013, at the Center for Military Education and Doctrine, San Salvador, El Salvador. (National Guard photo by 1st Lt. Alec Vargus/released)

Female members from the various branches of the Salvadoran military stand flanked by female members of the New Hampshire Air National Guard as well as two interpreters standing in the back row, left-hand side. The group photo was taken in an open air courtyard at the Center for Military Education and Doctrine in San Salvador, El Salvador, where the female guardsmen and Salvadorans participated in a week long exchange of expertise in the security and law enforcement fields from February 4th through 8th, 2013. (National Guard photo by 1st Lt. Alec Vargus/released)

Female members from the various branches of the Salvadoran military stand flanked by female members of the New Hampshire Air National Guard as well as two interpreters standing in the back row, left-hand side. The group photo was taken in an open air courtyard at the Center for Military Education and Doctrine in San Salvador, El Salvador, where the female guardsmen and Salvadorans participated in a week long exchange of expertise in the security and law enforcement fields from February 4th through 8th, 2013. (National Guard photo by 1st Lt. Alec Vargus/released)

SAN SALVADOR, EL SALVADOR -- Females from the New Hampshire Air National Guard's Security Forces Squadron met with an all-female class of Salvadoran military and police for a week long exchange of security forces expertise from February 4th through 8th here.

This is the second subject matter expert exchange put together specifically for females here, who make up a small percentage of the Salvadoran military but are becoming increasingly important for several missions including combating drug trafficking. Only female officers are allowed to search female suspects, based on Salvadoran cultural norms.

Based on an after-action report from the first SMEE (Subject Matter Expert Exchange), the Salvadorans wanted more hands-on time during this session to practice their skills in real-world scenarios. On the very first day the group ran drills on a variety of techniques including defensive rifle fighting, baton striking, and defensive knife skills.

The second day they were testing these skills, attempting to handcuff and search volunteer suspects made up of their classmates in different scenarios. The conditions were randomized in that suspects could be either compliant or resistant to being searched, as well as possibly carrying weapons and other types of illegal contraband.

Being citizen soldiers in the Air National Guard allowed the female Security Forces members to draw from skills and experience in both their military and civilian careers. Before joining the New Hampshire National Guard, Staff Sgt. Autumn Clark served in the active duty Air Force from 1998 to 2003. After that she spent over three years as a corrections officer in a co-ed facility in Merrimack County, N.H.

Based on their real life experiences, one of the key concepts the NH Guardsman wanted to exchange was the importance of using body language and voice commands to convey confidence and authority. These things can help security forces personnel to avoid physical confrontations before they even occur.

"The number one tool in security forces is presence. Especially as a female, you really have to announce your presence when you come into a room. It will determine whether a situation is going to escalate or de-escalate," said Clark.

Chief Master Sgt. Brenda Blonigen also attended the subject matter expert exchange, and while no longer in security forces, she served seven years active duty as a law enforcement specialist. As a civilian she has over twenty years of experience as a police officer and found she could relate to the Salvadoran females as being outnumbered by her male counterparts.

"When I first started in the civilian police field it was quite challenging. At the time there were only two other female officers in my department of 49 people. I had to prove myself as a police officer much more than my male counterparts, especially when it came to difficult situations," said Blonigen.

The classroom instruction was facilitated with the help of two interpreters who provided near real-time translation between English and Spanish. Breaking up into smaller groups or one-to-one instruction required some improvisation and creativity to communicate. The class was able to overcome the language barrier by utilizing the Salvadoran females who spoke English to assist in translating, as well as using universally understood gestures.

Looking at the challenge as an opportunity, Senior Airman Devin Godfrey shared her insight into how this experience will be helpful to herself and her fellow Guardsman.

"The people we work with every day back home, it's very easy to communicate. Down here we have to think outside the box when it comes to exchanging information. If I deploy somewhere that I don't speak the language, this experience will make it easier for me to interact with the local people there," said Godfrey.

The Salvadoran females are taking on a number of new roles in addition to security forces. In fact the class included the first female fixed wing aircraft pilot, first female helicopter pilot, and one of the very first female Salvadoran naval officers. All of these firsts could be seen as a sign of the increasingly important role females are playing within the Salvadoran military.

Another member of the class is Lorena Sosa, who became one of the first female police officers in El Salvador in 1993. She is now a ten year veteran of the force and has risen to the rank of Chief Inspector, in charge of a division of 159 officers. She reflected on how she has seen the culture change towards women in service here.

"Society here has taken a step forward to allow women to wear the uniform of the armed services. The role of women in the military and police is very significant now. Women can be combating drugs, working against organized crime, gang violence, and serving on land, air and sea. These women will use the skills learned here every day when interacting with citizens, searching vehicles, and many other situations. This is a great opportunity, and we hope this will not be the last exchange," said Sosa.

This expertise exchange is part of a State Partnership Program which was established between the New Hampshire National Guard and El Salvador in 2000. The goals of the program include building lasting relationships between members of the two groups and to foster the mutually beneficial exchange of expertise in the military, civic, business and educational arenas.

The program benefits from cooperation with other agencies such as the local Embassy and the Military Group Command here, Southern Command or SOUTHCOM. Col. Carlos Figueroa is the senior defense official and defense attaché with the SOUTHCOM military group, and assists with coordinating between the New Hampshire National Guard and the Salvadoran military. He provided his thoughts on the impact of this particular event.

"El Salvador is a very important country to the United States. They have been a great ally to us. For the New Hampshire National Guard to come here with female facilitators, what you're telling the Salvadorans is that everyone is equal, everyone has the opportunity to perform, and everyone has the opportunity to accept responsibility and leadership."
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