It's a bird, it's a plane ... it's a drone

  • Published
  • By Dave Smith
  • 21st Space Wing Public Affairs
Due to popularity and past holiday sales, the amount of drones has soared.

The Federal Aviation Administration estimated more than one million drones were sold during the year-end holiday season. With that many new drones added to existing numbers, federal, state and local officials are concerned about safety, security and privacy related to these remotely piloted aircraft.

Some of the biggest concerns are drones being used in close proximity to aircraft, personal privacy and terrorist attacks. There are numerous accounts of commercial jets reporting drones in close proximity and even accounts of explosives and radioactive material loaded into them. The overall message is to think about where the drone is flying and act accordingly.

"(Drones) are highly capable machines and can be abused. Privacy is a basic right and some people feel that their rights are being violated should the (drone) have a camera," said Victor Duckarmenn, the 21st Space Wing Program Management Division quality assurance manager and operations security expert. "The rules are quite specific in the use of drones and permissions, certifications and registration are for the public good."

In 2015, the FAA released rules for hobbyists operating drones. A drone must be operated within sight of the remote pilot during daylight hours. This rule allows for corrective lenses worn by the pilot, but not the cameras on the craft itself. The aircraft cannot fly higher than 400 feet in altitude and must be operated at less than 100 mph. They have to give way to all other aircraft and local air traffic control must be notified when drones are operated within 5 miles of an airport.

The rules also say operators must not fly over sensitive areas and structures, such as power facilities, prisons and water treatment plants and remain 25 feet away from individuals and vulnerable property.

All drones that are heavier than .55 pounds must be registered and documents displayed upon request. Drones between about a half a pound and 55 pounds in weight must be registered and the FAA has a website to help in taking care of that requirement.

"The most important thing to remember is your training in safety," Duckarmenn said. "There is available drone flight training and annual shows where you can pick up pointers from experienced flyers."

The terrorism concerns are serious. In 2011, CNN reported that the FBI arrested a man who was trying to use a model fighter jet loaded with explosives to attack places like the Pentagon and the U.S. Capitol. In another report from last year, the news network said a drone containing a small amount of radioactive cesium was found on the roof of the Japanese prime minister's office.

More recently, the Agence France-Presse reported from the DEF CON hacker conference in Las Vegas that a demonstration showed a drone could be loaded with equipment to break into wireless networks.

"Remember -- the system is wireless and can be commandeered. Firmware on these devices has not evolved as much as its popularity," Duckarmenn said.

He recommends joining local drone clubs to learn about, and stay up on, rules and to avoid making legal mistakes.

Master Sgt. Jeremiah Neault, 157 ARW safety and occupational health manager provided these additional rules:

- Small unmanned aircraft must give way to all manned aviation activities; airplanes, gliders, parachutist, hang gliders, the Goodyear blimp, etc. If it flies or glides, it has the right of way.
- The operator must remain within visual line of sight of the small unmanned aircraft. You can't control or remain clear of other aircraft when you can't see your own small unmanned aircraft.
- Small unmanned aircraft may not operate over any persons not directly involved in the operation

Neault said the website, Know Before You Fly helps model aircraft and unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) operators determine if their location is within five nautical miles of an airport which could restrict their ability to freely fly their UAS without interference.

For more information, check out the FAA website or the Small UAV Coalition website and the NH DOT website.

The 157th Air Refueling Wing Public Affairs office contributed to this article.